Tharpanam means “That offering which satisfies”. But what we mean by the word Tharpanam is the offering of water mixed with gingili to the manes. (Dead ancestors). Though we have several ancestors, this offering is addressed to three generations of father, grandfather and great grandfather along with their wives in our family and maternal grandfather, his father and grandfather along with their wives in our mother’s birth family. Only those whose father is dead are eligible to do Tharpanam. If maternal grandfather is alive Tharpanam should not be done for his family but restricted to our family. This offering is said to give Punya Bhala to generations.
All the manes are supposed by our religion to live in the Pithru loka for some time and either be reborn as any being or go to lokas like deva loka, Vaikunta etc or even attain salvation by getting mixed with god. The pithru loka is populated by three group of pithru devas viz, Vasu, Rudra and Adhithya. These devas receive our oblations and make it reach to our manes wherever they are and in whichever form they are. The pithru loka is supposed to be on the unseen side of the moon. This portion gets exposed to sun on the new moon days. It is according to our concept lunchtime for the people populating the pithru loka. These pithrus, since they have left the world are solely dependent on only their progeny to feed them. This feeding is done through Tharpanam. It is believed that if Tharpanam is not done out Pithru devas will curse us so that we may not have male descendents to offer tharpanam to us.
There are several types of tharpanams: –
1.Gunda (kuzhi) tharpanam- the tharpanam that is done in the first ten days of death.
2.Brahma yagna tharpanam-This is the oblation supposed to be done daily to the devas, rishis and pithrus, alongwith daily Sandhyavandanam prayer..
3.Parheni tharpanam- this is the tharpanam, which is supposed to be done on the next day after annual sraddha. This at present is being done after sraddha on the same day, because the priest does not have time to come the next day. Here the tharpanam is offered only to ones pithru varga (paternal side)
4 The regular tharpanam, which is supposed to be done on all amavasyas. Four Month beginnings viz mesha, karkidaga, thula and makara and eclipses. Our ancient scripts advise us to perform tharpanam on 96 days in a year but this is not being done nowadays.
Several Poorva Acharyas have codified the method of tharpanam. Some of them are Apasthambha, Bodhayana; Drahyayana what is given below is the manthras and method of the Apasthambha sutra.of Yajur Veda. There are slight differences in the sankalpam among Iyers and Iyengars.The version followed by both groups of Sri Vaishnavas viz Thenkalai and Vadakalai are given here. It is understood that the tharpanam for Rig Vedis is almost similar but that for Sama Vedis it is different. There are also differences brought about by local practice and family tradition. People are advised to follow their traditions strictly. They have precedence over what is written down here. For example some people do avahanams of Pithrus on two Bugnams known as koorchas. Some on one /Bugnam/koorcha and some on spread darbhams.
There are several rules regarding tharpanam though many of them are not being followed by most of the people. They are: –
1.On the day of Tharpanam, till tharpanam is completed we are not supposed to drink/eat anything.
2.On the day of tharpanam, the daily rituals like Sandhya vandhana have to be first performed. Then before tharpanam one more bath has to be taken.
3.Wet cloth should not be worn during tharpanam nor is it right to wear cloth which was washed a day before and dried. The cloth has to be made wet the same day and dried. Pure white silk cloth can also be worn, but wearing this silk cloth you should not have eaten any food. If wet cloth is not dry, it should be seven times shaken dry in wind before wearing it.
4.Except the tharpanam during eclipse all other tharpanams are to be done after 12 noon. Considering the difficulty, our lawgivers have agreed that it can be done after 8.30 AM.
5.As mentioned earlier nothing should be eaten or drunk before performance of Tharpanam.
6.Oblations should be done with hand full of water and not drops or spoon full of water.
7.The water should be poured out using the space between the thumb and the four fingers.
8.Every time a pinch of black till (Gingili) has to be taken. Care should be taken not to take it using the thumb and the index finger. (Joining Index finger with Thumb is considered as Rakshasa Mudra or the sign of demons).
9.Pithru tharpanam should always be done with poonal hanging from the right shoulder to the left side of the body.
10.The pavithram for pithru tharpanam should be made out of three durbha and the koorcham should be made of 5 or 3 durbham leaves.
11.We should preferably sit on seat made of durbha (durbhasanam) while doing tharpanam and in its absence put few durbhas on the place we are going to sit,
12.Silver vessels are prescribed for used during tharpanam. If not available copper vessels can be used. Under no circumstance should steel or other metal vessels are to be used.
13.Tharpanam should be done facing east or south. It is believed that it either should be done in our homes or in public holy places like shore of the river, sea active you happen to do it in the place belonging to some one else. We are supposed to compensate the owner of the property.
14.If Amavasya and the first of the month in which tharpanam has to be performed comes on the same day, then tharpanam for the sankramanam (first of the month) should be done.
1.Shuklam baradaram vishnum sasi varnam chadur bhjam
Prasanna vadanam dyayeth sarva vigno upa santhaye
2.Yasyad viratha vakthradhya parishadya para satham,
Vignam nignanthi vishvaksenam tham asraye
FOLLOWING MANTRAS ARE COMMON TO THENKALAI AND VADAKALAI.
Adya Sri Bhagavatha maha purushasya Vishnor Agnaya pravarthamanasya Adhya Brahmana Dweethiya parardhe Swetha Varaha kalpe Vaivaswatha manvanthare ashta vimsathi thame kali yuge prathame padhe, jambu dweepe, Bharatha varshe, Bharatha Khande, Mero Dakshine Parswe, Sakabdhe asmin varthamane vyvaharike Prabhavadeenam sashtya samvatsaranam madhye (name of the year) * Nama samvatsare, (dakshina. /uttara ayane, (name of the season) rithou, (name of the month in Sanskrit) mase, (Krishna/shukla) pakshe , Adhya (Name of the thidhi-moon phase) Punya thithou (name of the day in Sanskrit)vasra yukthayam (name of the star in Sanskrit) nakshatra yukthayam Shubha yoga -Shubha karana, Evam guna viseshana visishtayam asyam (Name of the thidhi) Punya thithou,
(Change the position of poonal from left shoulder to right shoulder (LEFT MODE))
(Your Gothram) Gothranam (Names of father, grand father, great grand father)** Sarmanam, Vasu-Rudra-adithya swaroopanam asmad Pithru -Pithamaha-Pithru Pithamahanam, (your Gothram) Gothraa (Names of mother. Grand mother, great grand mother) Namnee, Vasu-Rudra-Adithya swaroopa Asmad Mathru-pithamahi-Prapithamahischa, (Your maternal grand father’s gothram) gothraanam (names of maternal grand father, his father and his grand father) Sarmanam vasu -rudra -adithya swaroopanam asmad mathamaha, mathru pithamaha, mathru prapithamahanam, (Your maternal grand father’s gothram) gothraa (Names of maternal grand mother, maternal great grand mother, Grand mother of maternal grand father) Namnee, vasu-rudra -adithya swaroopa asmad mathamahi-mathru pithamahi, mathru prapithamahinam Ubhaya vamsa pithrunaam akshayya thripthyartham amavasya punya kale Thila tharpanam karishye.
(Throw away the Durbha (only) held round the fingers along with Pavithram. Change position of poonal to the left shoulder (usual mode), touch water with finger, change position of poonal to right shoulder (left mode))
Wear the poonal in the left mode, take little ellu (black gingelly) and along with water keep on the Bugnam meant for Pithru varga while chanting the following manthras: –
1.Aayatha pithara somya gambhirai padhibhi poorvai prajamasmabhyam dadhatho rayim cha deergayuthwam cha satha saaradam cha.
3,Asmin koorche (Your Gothra) gothran (Father’s, grand father’s and great grand father’s name) sarmana vasu Rudra adithya swaroopan asmad pithru-pithamaha-pithrupithamahaan (Your Gothra) gothraa (Names of mother, grand mother, great grand mother1) namnee vasu Rudra adithya swaroopa asmad mathru, pithamahi-pithrupithamahischa dyayami avahayami.
6.Asanam for pithru vargam
Chanting the manthra below place gingelly on the koorcha
1.Sakrudacchinnam barhirurnna mrudhu,
Syonam pithrubhyasthwa baramyaham
Asmin taseedanthu me pithara somyaa,
Pithamahaa prapithamahaaschaanugai saha.
2.Pithru-pithamaha, pithru pithamahanam mathru -pithamahi -prapithamahinaam cha idam asanam, thiladhi sakalaradhanai swarchidham
7.Avahanam for mathamaha varga (maternal grand fathers side)
Wearing the poonal in the left mode, take little ellu (black gingelly) and along with water keep on the Koorcha meant for mathru varga while chanting the following manthras: –
1.Aayatha mathu pithara somya gambhirai padhibhi poorvai prajamasmabhyam dadhatho rayim cha deergayathwam cha satha saaradam cha.
3,Asmin koorche (Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothran (Names of maternal grand father, maternal great grand father and grand father of maternal grand father) sarmana vasu Rudra adithya swaroopan asmad mathamaha-mathru pithamaha-mathru prapithamaha (maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Names of maternal grand mother, maternal great grand mother, grand mother of maternal grand father) namnee vasu Rudra adithya swaroopa asmad mathamahi-mathru pithamahi-mathru prapithamahischa dyayami avahayami.
8.Asanam for mathru vargam
Chanting the manthra below place gingelly on the mathru varga koorcha
Change Poonal to left mode i.e from right shoulder
1.Aayatha pithara somya gambhirai pradhibhi poorvai prajamasmabhyam dadhatho rayim cha deergayathwam cha satha saaradam cha.
3,Asmad koorchat (Your gothram) gothran (Names of father, grand father, great grand father) sarmana vasu Rudra adithya swaroopan asmad pithru-pithamaha-pithrupithamahaan (Your gothram) gothraa (Names of mother, grand mother and great grand mother) namnee vasu Rudra adithya swaroopa asmad mathru, pithamahi-pithrupithamahischa yada sthanam prathishtapayami.Shobhanarthe kshemaya punaragamanaya cha.
4.Aayatha mathu pithara somya gambhirai pradhibhi poorvai prajamasmabhyam dadhatho rayim cha deergayathwam cha satha saaradam cha.
6,Asmin koorche(maternal grand father’s gothra) gothran (Names of maternal grand father, maternal great grand father and his father) sarmana vasu Rudra adithya swaroopan asmad mathamaha-mathru pithamaha-mathru prapithamaha (Maternal grand father’s gothra) gothraa (Names of maternal grand mother, maternal great grand mother, grand mother of maternal grand father) namnee vasu Rudra adithya swaroopa asmad mathamahi-mathru pithamahi-mathru prapithamahischa yadasthanam prathishtapayami. Shobanarthe kshemaaya punaragamanaya cha
16.Sarva Tharpanam (General oblations)
Change poonal to left shoulder (usual) , remove Pavithram, keep it in the ear, do Aachamanam, Wear the Pavithram, change poonal to right shoulder,Untie the Koorchs , Take them in hand and along with water and gingelly do a single Tharpanam chanting
Yesham na matha na pitha na bandhu na anya gothreena the sarve trupthimayanthu mayoth srushtai kusodhakai
Trupyatha, Trupyatha, Trupyatha
Remove pavithram , untie and throw it away, change poonal to right shoulder and touch the water.
Offer a hand full of water chanting.
Om Tat sat Brahmarpanamasthu
Summary meaning in English of various manthras used in tharpanam
This is a preliminary purification ceremony. Gods Achutha, Anantha and Govinda are saluted and then chanting the twelve names of Vishnu purifies the self.
This is a prayer to the God Vishwaksena, who is supposed to remove all obstacles on our way in performance of any rite, in this case, “Tharpanam”
1. I keep always in my mind the devotees of the Lord of the Venkata Mountain as my religious teacher
2. With all my attention I bow before that teacher of teachers who are the first mother and father of this world.
3. I keep my mind on him who lies on the Adhi Sesha attended by Bhoo devi and Lakshmi
4. I meditate on the dark coloured Vishnu who has four hands and wears white silk and is always gracefully happy.
5. I bow before Vishwaksena so that what I am starting is completed without problems.
1. I meditate on the dark coloured Vishnu who has four hands and wears white silk and is always gracefully happy.
2.I bow before Vishwaksena so that what I am starting is completed without problems.
This manthra is a guide to a breathing exercise as also a prayer. While chanting Om bhoo,Om Bhuva, Ogum Suva, Om Maha, om jana, om thapa, ogum satyam we are supposed to keep the left nostril closed and inhale through the right nostril. While chanting, “Om tat sa vithur varenyam bargo devasya dhee mahi, dhi yo yona prachothayad”, we are supposed to close both nostrils and hold the breath. After this the left nostril is opened and air exhaled till the end of the manthra.
Hindus believed that that there were six holy worlds above the earth. These along with earth are remembered in the first part. These worlds are bhooloka, bhuvarloka, suvarloka, maharloka, janaloka, thapaloka and satya loka. The second part is the famous Gayathri manthram. It means
“I meditate on that savitha (the sun or the enlightenment within ourselves) which helps us in our though process, that god which is within me and that all engulfing power.”
” I meditate on the most holy shining aspect of that God, who helps in brightening our thought process.”
Then the third part means ” Om is water, it is the light, it is the earth which gives the food, it is the air which supports life, and it is the ether which is spread all around .It is also the holy seven worlds.”
By touching the nose the hands are supposed to get polluted and this is removed by touching the ears thrice.
This is a preliminary rite in every Vedic action. We tell why we are doing what we do and we also tell, what we are going to do every time. In some cases like the tharpanam we also tell when we are doing it and where.
To attain the grace of God, through destruction of sins committed by me, praying the lord of all worlds,
1.I pray god Lakshmi pathi and mention below the auspicious hour, day, star, moon phase, my knowledge base and the strength of God and salute the feets of Lord Vishnu.
2.Whether one is in pure or impure state or whatever state one is in, just by remembering Pundarikaksha that is Lord Vishnu, I get cleaned both outside and inside.
3.There is no doubt that the sins committed either by mind, or words or by action go away by remembering the names of Lord Rama.Rama. Rama
4.The moon phase, the day, the star, the yoga and the happenings are all Lord Vishnu and thus the whole world is filled with Lord Vishnu.Govinda, Govinda, Govinda.
5.In the second ionic division of lord Brahma who acted according to the wishes of the prime God Lord Vishnu, In the great period of the white Varaha, in the extended reign of Vaivasvatha manu, in the 28th time period which is the first step of Kali yuga,
At the Indian sub continent of the Indian continent of the great Jambu island, In the south of the Meru mountain, In the year of the saka timeperiod starting with the year Prabhava, in the solstice, in the season, in the month of
In the waning/waxing period of the moon, in the day of the moon crescents, in the day, in the star, in the holy period which is for good action, which results in good, and in the period which has many other good properties, in the day of moon crescents, I do oblations with thil(gingelly) and water for destruction of all my sins and for the favour of the god, to my father whose name is who is of the form of vasu, who belongs to the gothra , to my grand father whose name is who is of the form of Rudra, who belongs to the gothra , to my great grand father whose name is who is of the form of adithya and who belongs to the gothra , as also to my mother(grand mother if she mother is alive) who is of the form of vasu and who belongs to the gothra and whose name is , to my grand mother (great grand mother if mother is alive) who is of the form of Rudra who belongs to the gothra
And whose name is , to my great grand mother (her mother if mother is alive) who is of the form of Adithya and who belongs to the Gothra and whose name is , to my maternal grand father who is of the form of Vasu and who belongs to the gothra and whose name is , to my maternal great grand father who is of the form of Rudra, who belongs to the gothra and whose name is , to my great grand father of my mother who is of the form of Adithya and whose name is , to my maternal grand mother who is of the form of vasu, who belongs to the gotra and whose name is , to my maternal great grand mother who is of the form of Rudra, who belongs to the gothra and whose name is , to my great grand mother of my mother who is of the form of adithya who belongs to the gothra and whose name is .for their perennial satisfaction ,
5.Avahanam (For my father’s side)
1.Hey revered manes, who have observed soma yaga, please travel through the royal path, and take part in this rite, which has been adopted by your ancestors. And bless me with children wealth and long life,
2.Om is the sound of the holy lands, which are above this earth.
3.I meditate on my father, grandfather, great grandfather whose names are
who were belonged to the gothra and whose respective forms are that of Vasu, rudhra and adhithya and my mother, grand mother and great grand mother  whose names are who belonged to the
gothra and whose respective forms are that of Vasu, Rudhra and Adhithya and request them to occupy this koorcham.
6.Asanam (For my fathers side)
1.Hey leaves of Durbha plant, I spread thine very soft leaves , which were only cut once here so that my manes can sit on you. Let my father, grandfather, great grandfather who are of the form of the moon sit on you along with their companions.
2.I give seat to my father, grandfather, great grandfather and my mother, grandmother and great grandmother and worship them with gingelly.
7.Avahanam (For maternal grand father’s side)
1.Hey revered manes, who have observed soma yaga, please travel through the royal path , and take part in this rite, which has been adopted by your ancestors. And bless me with children wealth and long life,
2.Om is the sound of the holy lands, which are above this earth.
3.I meditate on my maternal grandfather, maternal great grandfather, grandfather of maternal grandfather whose names are
who were belonged to the gothra and whose respective forms are that of Vasu, rudhra and adhithya and my maternal grand mother, maternal great grand mother and grand mother of maternal grand father  whose names are who belonged to the
gothra and whose respective forms are that of Vasu, Rudhra and Adhithya and request them to occupy this koorcham.
8.Asanam (For my maternal grand fathers side)
1.Hey leaves of Durbha plant, I spread thine very soft leaves, which were only cut once here so that my manes can sit on you. Let my maternal grandfather, maternal great grandfather, grand father of maternal grandfather who are of the form of the moon sit on you along with their companions.
2.I give seat to my maternal grand father, maternal great grand father, grand father of my maternal grand father and my maternal grand mother, maternal great grand mother and grand mother of my maternal grand father and worship them with gingelly.
9.Oblations to paternal ancestors
a. Oblations to father
1.Let all those manes who are in the earth because they did not perform dutiful rites. Those manes who are great because they carried out fire sacrifices and those of average stature because they performed the rites prescribed to them, receive my oblations and bless me. Let those who do not trouble and know about the rites that I perform save me. I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my father whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of vasu.
2.Our manes who are known by names such as Angeeras, atharwas, and brugus ,are of very great character and they all have great affection to their descendents. Let them who should be worshipped by doing fire sacrifices be is our mind doing good and bless us. I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my father whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of vasu.
3.Let my manes who have not done fire sacrifices but have reached pithru loka arrive here by the path taken by Gods. Let them get satisfied by this offering of food mixed with water and let them talk good of us in the other world and bless us with further and further progress. I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my father whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of vasu.
b. Oblations to grandfather
1.Hey gods who love water, carry suitable food, nectar, ghee, blood and toddy to my manes if by chance they are born as men, tree, creeper and men of the lower caste and make it suitable food for them and also become food for them. I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my grand father whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of Rudra.
2.I salute my father, grand father and great grand father who like the food called swadha which is mixed with water and offer them the food which is swadha. I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my grand father whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of Rudra.
3.Hey God of fire who is all knowing, You know my manes who are present here, who are not present here, those who are known to me because they departed not long ago, those are not known to me, . Please take this food with water, which I am offering to them and let all my manes become happy. I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my grand father whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of Rudra
c. Oblations to great grandfather
1.Let air do me (who is offering these oblations) good and rivers and medicinal plants give me sweetness I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my great grand father whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of Adhithya.
2.Let night and day do me good. Let earth give me sweetness and very good quality food. Let the sky , which is like my father not trouble me with no rain or excess rain and grant me pure pleasure. I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my great grand father whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of Adhithya.
3.Let trees bless me by giving fruits. Let Sun god give me energy without much hot weather. Let cows give me sweet milk. I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my great grand father whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of adhitya.
d, e. f. Mother , grandmother , great grandmother
Three oblations each are offered without any “riks(prayer chant) to the lady ancestors with the manthra
“I offer this oblation of this food mixed with water to my mother (grand mother, great grand mother) whose name is and who is born in the gothra and who is the form of vasu.(Rudra for grand mother, Adithya for great grand mother.) ”
10.Oblations to unknown manes of the father’s side.
This is offered thrice with the chant.
“I offer this swadha food which is mixed with water to my known and unknown manes of my paternal side.”
Hey gods who love water , carry suitable food, nectar, ghee, blood and toddy to my manes if by chance they are born as men, tree, creeper and men of the lower caste and make it suitable food for them and also become food for them. Oh manes please get satisfied, please get satisfied and please get satisfied.
The Tharpanam for the manes of the maternal grandfather side(11 and 12) is same as that of paternal side except the manes of the maternal grand fathers side are mentioned so as to avoid repetition this meaning is not given/
Salutations to gods, manes and great sages.
Salutations to food, fire sacrifice daily
The meaning of the alternate manthra: –
Oh manes salutations,
To your spirit,
Your food, which is swadha,
And your strong punishment.
Let those people whom you are with,
You kindly do as per our wishes.
Please be friends to those whom you are
With in Pithru loka and be a good home for them.
For those who are in this earth,
Let me a good home.
Salutations to father-grand father and great grandfather,
Salutations to mother-grand mother-great grandmother
Salutations to maternal grandfather, his father and his grand father
Salutations to maternal grandmother, maternal great grandmother and great grandmother of maternal grandfather.
The meaning of alternate manthra.
Oh manes who are great in blessing and in action,
Be pleased to depart by either the old way
or through the land of yama or any other way,
Please grant us wealth and good luck.
Please tell the Vasu, adhithya and devathas,
About the food that I offered you.
This is the same as Avahana manthra except that the manes are asked to go their place and are requested to come again and again.
16.Sarva Tharpanam.(general oblations)
Let all those manes who do not have mother, father, friends , others of their family or even others belonging to other gotras to do tharpanam for them partake this water mixed with gingely and be satisfied., be satisfied, be satisfied.
I do give all this to the great god Brahma so that faults are pardoned.
II Brahma Yagnam
This is supposed to be done by all Brahmins daily after Madhyahnikam. This is a worship of Vedas and honouring and satifying the devas, rishis and Pithrus. The Manthra starting with “Vidhyudhasi..” Means
Oh God, you are the lightning which is in between the clouds and you know my sins.and I seek the part of that power of yours. Daily.
The vedic chants have the following meaning:-
1.I worship the god of fire who is the first god in all fire sacrifices, who is the one who conducts and who is the conductior of the fire sacrifice and who is capable of giving all wealth.(Rig Veda)
2.Oh calves of cows, to supply us food as well as make us worship god, you graze and return. Let the god savithru give you good grazing (Yajur Veda)
3.Oh God of fire, be pleased to come. You should be pleased accept our worship.Please make the fire sacrifice that we do to the devas.(sama Veda)
4.Oh Gods who like water, Apart from quenching our thirsts, you should fulfill all our desires and grant us good things. By your grace let sorrow vanish from our lives and let happiness come.(Atharvana Veda)
Meaning for the sloka starting with “Vrushtirasi..”
You are rain, You will cut off my sins,.
After this several oblation is offered to devas, rishis, Vedas and pithrus.
1.Names of Nakshatras in Sanskrit for sankalpa
S.No Tamil Malayalam Sanskrit
1. Aswathi Aswini Aswini
2. Bharani Bharani Apabharani
3. Karthigai . Karthiga Kruthiga
4. Rohini Rohini Rohinee
5. Mriga Siarm Mageeram Mriga Seersha
6. Thiruvathirai Thiruvathira Arudhra
7. Punarpoosam Punartham Punarvasu
8. Poosam Pooyam Pushya
9. Ayilyam Ayilyam Aslesha
10. Magam Makam Magha
11. Pooram Pooram Poorva phalguni
12. Uthiram Uthram Uthra Phalguni
13. Haastham Atham Hastha
14. Chithirai Chithra Chitra
15. Swathi Swathi Swathi
16. Vishagam Vishakam Vishaka
17. Anusham Anizham Anuradha
18. Kettai Ketta Jyeshta
19. Moolam Moolam Moola
20 Pooradam Pooradam Poorvashada
21. Uthradam Uthradam Uthrashada
22. Thiruvonam Thiruvonam Sravana
23. Avittam Avittam Sravishta
24. Chathayam Chathayam Satha bishak
25.. Poororattathi Poororattathi Poorva proshta pada
26 Uthrattathi Uthrattathi Uthara proshtapada
27. Revathy Revathy Revathee.
2.. Names of days of week in Sanskrit for sankalpa
5.Thursday- Guru vasara
6.Friday- Brugu vasara
3. .Names of months in Sanskrit for sankalpa
S.No Tamil Malayalam Sanskrit
1. Chitthirai Medam Mesham
2 Vaikasi Edavam Rishabha
3 Aani Midhunam Midhuna
4 Aadi Karkidagam Karkada
5 Aavani Chingam Simham
6 Puratasi Kanni Kanya
7 Iyppasi Thulam Thula
8 Karthigai Vrischigam Vrucchiga
9 Margazhi Dhanu Dhanu
10 Thai Makaram Makara
11 Masi Kumbham Kumbha
12 Panguni Meenam Meena
4. Names of the seasons
Tamil MonthsMalayala Names
1.Vasantha Ruthu Chithirai-Vaikasi Medam-edavam
2,Greeshma Rithu Aani-Aadi Mithunam-karkidagam
3.Varsha Rithu Aavani-purattasi Chingam-Kanni
4.Sarad Rithu Aippasi-Karthigai Thulam-Vrischigam
5.Hemantha Rithu Margazhi-Thai Dhanu-Makaram
6.Sishira Rithu Maasi-Panguni Kumbham-Meenam
* Meaning of the manthras given at the end of this page.
** It is recommended that you substitute these names in various places and take a print out for your use .Contact family elders if you do not know this information. Also, omit the names, if grandfather, grandmother or simply the surviving persons name in this order. If mother’s father survives, then NO need to perform the the Tharppanam for Mathru vargam.
 Names of grand mother, great grand mother, Fathers great grand mother if mother is alive
 In case mother is alive, this would be pithamahi-prapithamahi-pithruprapithamahischa
 In case mother’s mother is alive, this would be mathamahasya mathu-pithamahi-prapithamahischa
 Mesharavi punya kale for tharpanam done on Mesha sankramam(chittirai-makaram first)Karkadaga ravi punya kale( for tharpanam done during adi=Karkidaga Sankramam(Adi first), Thula ravi punya kale for tharpanam done during thula masam first(Iyppasi first), makara ravi punya kale for tharpanam done on makara sankramam(Thai first), Suryoparaga punya kale for tharpanam done during solar eclipse, Somoparaga punyakale for tharpanam done during Lunar eclipse and In case of Paraheni tharpanam done after Sraddham, “Purvedya maya krutha mathru pithru prathyabdhika sradhangam thila tharpanam karishye. Please note in case of paraheni tharpanam, the offering (tharpanam) is made to only paternal side pithrus. Normally this should be performed immediate next day morning of Srardha Thithi.
Born on Makara Uthiradam star, native of Mukkur and brought up in Ladavaram village near Arcot and now well settled in Mumbai for over five decades. Presently, at 70, trying to run this website without any commercial expectations or profit motive, just for the sake of our future generations to understand about Sanatana Dharma & Srivaishnavam sampradayam.Within my limited knowledge that I put it here, what I learnt from the world.