046. Thiru Kacchi – Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram
About the Temple & Location:
Kanchipuram is said to be one of the major city in in South India, where lots of Saivam and Vaishnavam temples are found. Kanchipuram is situated in Chengalpat District, Tamil Nadu. It is about 70 Kms away from Chennai. With lots offrequencies, bus services available and lodging facilities too are available.
Lord Brahma devan wanted to get the dharshan of Sriman Narayanan in Chathur Bhujam (with four hands) and becasue of this, he did a tapas towards him. First the Perumal gave his seva in the form of Theertham, Which is now called as “Pushkaram”. Next he gave the seva in the form of Forest, which in now called as “Naimisaranyam”. But still, Lord Brahma was not satisfied. At that time, he heard an Asarari (an unknown voice from heaven) which said that to get the dharshan of Sri Varadharajar, he must do the great Ashwametha yagam (Sathya viradam) for hundred times. But, Lord Brahma felt so depressed that doesnt have time nor the patience to perform 100 Ashwametha yagam. Finally as per Sriman Narayanan, he performed one Ashwametha yagam which is equivalent to 100 Ashwametha yagam. It is said that doing one Ashwametha yagam in Kanchipuram is equivalent to 100 times of doing Ashwametha yagam somewhere else.
Brahma devan started the yagam and from the fire of the yagam, Sri Varadharajar came out and gave his dharshan in which way Lord Brahma wanted.
Ka – means Brahma and Anjitham – means who was worshipped. Since, Brahma worshipped Emperumaan as Varadharajar, this sthalam is called “Kanchi”. The temple is situated in Vishnu Kanchi which is also Known as “Chinna (or) Little Kanchipuram” and in the Big (or) Shiva Kanchipuram, all Shiva temples are found.
Ayodhya’s King Sakaranis, son Asamanjan and his wife as a result of curse (Sabham), they were changed to Lizards and as a result of worshipping Kanchi Varadharajar as said by Ubamanyu, they two got their original positions. Both these two lizards can be seen in this sthalam in a small sannadhi. It is said on touching this lizards, all kinds of problems and diseases are cured. Still now all the bhaktas come to this temple and worship this lizards to get their problems cured.
It is said that the Narasimhar Sannadhi is first sannadhi to be built.
The theertham of this sthalam is “Sesha theertham” and is found along the north side of Nootrukkal Mandapam (100 pillared Mandapam). All along this theertham, Aadhiseshan did tapas.
When Udayavar Ramanujar lived in Kanchipuram, he worshipped and did Thirumanjanam (the divine bath for the Perumal) and for this, he used to get the water from the well which is 2 miles away. He was awarded with the name as “Ethiraja Maamuni” by Sri Varadharaja Perumal Himself, when he became the Saint.
When talking about Udayavar Ramanujar, his student and followers Koorathalwar’s Guru bakthi (respecting and doing the needful for his teacher (or) Guru) has to be explained.
Once in the Chozha empire, Nallooran, who was one of the member in that empire, was against Vaishnavam and because of this, ordered to pluck off Sri Ramanujar’s eyes. But, Koorathalwar for his Guru, asked that his eyes can be taken off and not his Guru’s eyes. Then he sung a great devotional poem named “Varadharajasthavam” on Sri Kanchi Varadharajar in his sannadhi. At that time, Sri Varadharajar gave his seva and asked him what he wants. But, Koorathalwan said that he doesnt need Oonakkan (Ordinary human eyes) instead, he need the Gnanakkan (Eyes which has a broader vision of good thought) so that he can be able to spread Vaishnavam. This is one of the said story when talking about the sthalapuranam.
When talking about Kanchi Varadhar, the Garuda seva which is one of the special vaghanam during Brahmotsavam in vaikasi month.
Bhaktas can enter the temple through Punniyakoti Vimaanam, which is 200 height x 800 width and fully surrounded by huge walls. After entering we can find Nootrukkal mandapam (Mandapam with 100 pillars) which has extra ordinary sculptures on each pillars and a chain made up of stone can be seen. Behind this mandapam, we can find the Pushkarani.
Azhagiya singar – Narasimhar is found along with Arithra Devi Thaayar and his Sannadhis Vimaanam is (cave) Gugha Vimanam.
Birth place of Vedantha Desikar.
Atthi Varadhar – Once in every 40 years he is taken out from the pond and grand poojas are done during that period.
Garuda Seva, which is a grand utsavam (festival) done in Vaikasi month is said to be the most and special Festival here.
Moolavar and Thaayar:
The Moolavar of this this sthalam is Sri Varadharajar. Other names of the Perumal are Perarulalan, Devathirajan, DevaPerumal. Moolavar in Standing position facing his thirumugham towards West direction. Prathyaksham for Brighu Muni, Naaradhar, Aadhisesan, Brahman, Gajendran.
Thaayar : The Thaayar of this this sthalam is Perundevi Thaayar.
02. Kugai Narasimar.
03. Yoga Narsimar and Chakkarathaalwar in a single sannadhi.
04. Perundevi Thaayar.
05. Sri Ranganaathar.
06. Sri Ramar.
09. Sri Krishnar.
10. Sri Adal.
Thirumangai Alwar – 4 Paasurams
Bhoodhathalwar- 2 Paasurams
Pei Alwar – 1 Paasuram Total – 7 Paasurams
Aalavanthaar, Thirukachinambi, Udayavaar, Koorathazhvaan, Vedantha Desikar, Manavala Maamuni also did Mangalasasanam.
Born on Makara Uthiradam star, native of Mukkur and brought up in Ladavaram village near Arcot and now well settled in Mumbai for over five decades. Presently, at 70, trying to run this website without any commercial expectations or profit motive, just for the sake of our future generations to understand about Sanatana Dharma & Srivaishnavam sampradayam.Within my limited knowledge that I put it here, what I learnt from the world.